Tag Archives: Summarizing

Kate & Pippin by Martin Springett

Schema: animal friendships, pets that get along with each other

Text-to-Text Connections: Owen and Mzee: The Story of a Remarkable Friendship by Isabella Hatkoff.  In both stories the animals feel a close connection with one another.

Summarizing: Students can sequence and summarize the events in the story.

Compare and Contrast: Compare the two stories animal events

Text-to-Self Connections: making new friends

The Woods by Paul Hoppe

Schema: bedtime toys, losing a favorite toy

Text-to-text Connections: In both this story and Knufflebunny, the main characters have lost a favorite toy.

Text-to-text Connections: Found by Salina Yoon features a bear who finds a lost stuffed bunny. This book also teaches compassion as the bear sadly gives the bunny to the moose, it’s owner. Moose feels compassion for the bear and decides the bunny needs to be with someone who would love it like he did when he was younger.

The illustration of the little boy looks very similar to  Maurice Sendak’s Max from Where the Wild Things Are.

Drawing Conclusions: After reading the book and looking at the illustrations of the book the boy is reading, his stuffed toys, and the animals he meets as he hunts for his rabbit, do you conclude that he was using his imagination about going into the forest?

Summarize: The beginning, middle, and end of the story.

Compare and Contrast: with other books where a toy is lost, with other books where the character is using his imagination such as Where the Wild Things Are.

Wonderstruck by Brian Selznick

Schema: mysteries, museums

Text-to-text connections: From the Mixed-up Files of Mrs. Basil E. Frankweiler by E. L. Konigsburg

Cause and Effect: Because Ben was talking on the phone during a storm, the effect was that Ben lost his hearing when lightning struck the phone line.

Characterization: List Ben’s traits: curious, smart, brave to travel alone, good speller and writer, uses any resource available, resourceful for eating food left by others. How are the character traits of Ben and his mother alike?

Drawing Conclusions: Practice drawing conclusions as you read the pictures for Rose’s story. Inference is used to draw the conclusions.

Point of View: author’s: third person, character’s: Ben and Rose

Summarizing: Summarize Rose’s early life up to when she meets Ben

Mental Image: Can you make a mental image of the wolves chasing Ben? Check out the wolves’ diorama from the AMNH in New York City.

Go to the American Museum of Natural History in NYC’s website and look at some of the exhibits online.

Check out the panorama of NYC boroughs at the Queens Museum of History.



Are You a Horse? by Andy Rash

Schema: horses, saddles, birthdays; Roy does not have “horse” in his schema so he has to ask other to share with him.

Characterization:  Characterize the traits of a horse as each animal character shares a bit about horses.  He is told that it is a living thing, an animal, has legs, is friendly, doesn’t change color, does not lay eggs, is clean, is very fast, eats grass,  and does not have stripes.  Before reading or showing them the book have students draw a picture of what they think the animal would look like.

Personification: The wagon is personified.

Reader’s Theater: This would be a great book to use for reader’s theater with each student being one of the animals.

Drawing Conclusions: What is wrong with the conclusion that Roy came to about the horse when he finally found it?  Review the instructions that came with the saddle.

Summarizing: With the repetitive action in the story, this is a good one to briefly summarize.  Show students the summary in the CIP.

Moo Who? by Margie Palatini

Schema: farm animals and sounds

Text-to-Text Connections: Click Clack Moo, Cows that Type by Doreen Cronin

Use the cluster word web to describe the farm animals attributes.  Write farm animal in the center, then add the animal and their attributes in the extended bubbles.

Cause and Effect: Because Hilda Mae Heifer was hit in the head, the effect is that she has lost her memory about who she is and the sound that she makes.

It’s Probably Penny by Loreen Leedy

it's probably pennySchema: math, school, Boston terriers

Text-to-Self Connections: homework, eating jellybeans

Author’s Purpose: The author uses her story and the events in it to explain the mathematical concept of  probability.

Predicting: Have your students predict along with the students in the book.

Summarizing and Synthesis: Ask students to summarize the story and explain what they have synthesized about probability.

Martha Calling by Susan Meddaugh

Schema: dogs, talking dogs, Martha cartoon shows on television

Inferring: The family thinks the Inn will infer that Marth is a person when they put her in the wheel chair.

What does the maid infer when she sees a very full Martha and a pile of bones on the floor?

What do dogs infer when they hear the K word?  What is a “kennel?”

Predicting: When Martha sees the frisby, what do you predict she will do?

What do you predict Martha is thinking when they all leave to have fun, and she has to stay in the room?

What do you predict the Inn manager is going to do with Martha when she asks about summer employment?

Personification: Martha, the dog, is given human traits.

Text-to-Text: the other Martha books

Text-to-Self Connections: Has your pet ever misbehaved when you have left it alone?

Synthesis: What does the comment that Martha makes, “I gotta be me” mean to you?”

Out of the Egg by Tina Matthews

Schema: story of The Little Red Hen; have students retell it calling on several and having them pick up where the last student left off

Text-to-text connection: The Little Red Hen

Point of View: The story is told from the red hen’s point of view.  How does the mother hen’s POV change when her chick says what she is telling the other babies is mean?  Do you think she sees the situation from her baby chick’s POV?

Compare and Contrast: with the original story; both find a seed, one is wheat, and in this one it is a tree, etc.

Synthesis: When the mother hen gives the other babies a green seed, how could we see this action besides the literal meaning?  Could the seed be like an idea being planted in someone’s mind?  What idea might she be planting in the minds of the mother cat, rat, and pig?