Tag Archives: Author’s Purpose

Home by Adam Leitman Bailey

Schema: Think about what is a home. List some places that are homes to people, animals, and things.

Text-to-Self Connections: Visiting different homes such as relatives, friends, and neighbors

Theme: The author is sharing the message that home is where a person feels happy and loved as opposed to a particular place.

In this full color picture book, the main character, a small boy, feels discontented with his home and sets out to explore the world and the way others live.  He visits many places and tells what he does there. He doesn’t make any judgements about each place. Readers may see their own home in the book. Homes include a farm in a rural area, mobile homes, large homes with swimming pools, a bird’s nest, and an igloo.

Synthesis: Ask students what the author is telling them with this story. I think they will be able to synthesize the boy’s experience into their own schema and apply it to where they live and why it’s the best home for them.

Drawing Conclusions: The boy drew the conclusion that his best home is where he is loved. Each place he visited, he was alone. What was missing? His family was missing.

I recommend this as a read aloud for grades 2-5 for a discussion about homes.

 

Thunder Birds by Jim Arnosky

Schema: birds

Author’s Purpose: Think about the author’s purpose in writing this book: PIE, to persuade, inform, or to entertain. I think it is to inform as is much of expository writing.

After reading the first paragraph about the eagle getting it’s wing repaired, ask them what the main idea of the paragraph is, re-read the first and last sentence of the paragraph: I think they will say that the eagle is not able to hurt them as long as it talons are being held tight.

The Astonishing Secret of Awesome Man by Michael Chabon


Schema: Super-heroes

Text-to-Text Connections: Superman

Personification: The eyeball is given human qualities; the jello can slurp
Metaphor: comparing his cape to a red rocket, his mask to a dark night at midnight

Context Clues: Vocabulary in the story: photon: a type of radiation: the character sends heat rays from his eyes
Thermovulcanized: a process that freezes then melts a rubberized object to make it tougher
Orb: ball

Drawing conclusions: we inferred that when he changed to his normal self that he is the man that looks like Superman, but at the end we realized we were stereotyping the hero because he turns out to be the little boy in the illustration. At the end notice his shadow looks like the Superman character though…is the shadow his imagination? Was the man his dad?

Author’s Purpose: To persuade, inform, or entertain?

Won Ton A Cat Tale Told in Haiku by Lee Wardlaw

Schema: Choosing a pet from a rescue center or pound

Text-to-self Connections: feeling afraid of new experiences, trusting someone new, having a cat knead your tummy or leg before settling down on it to sleep, training a cat not to scratch furniture,

Inferences: Won Ton has yet to have a good home since he knows bed, bowl, and blankie are normal “so he’s been told.”

Infer: Won Ton threw up in shoe: “sorry about the squishy”

Author’s purpose: to persuade, to inform, or to entertain? mainly to entertain

Mental Images: the “cave” under a bed, toes for worms, baking bread, kneading and baking with a nap

Text-to-Text Connection:Some Cat by Mary Casanova is about a cat who is adopted from a shelter and also has to learn to trust.

 

Waiting for the Biblioburro by Monica Brown

Schema: librarians, borrowing books

Text-to-Text Connections: My Librarian is a Camel: How Books are Brought to Children Around the World by Margriet  Ruurs and That Book Woman by Heather Henson

Miss Dorothy and Her Book Mobile by Gloria Houston

Alia’s Mission: Saving the Books of Iraq by Mark Alan Stamaty

What book would you protect and deliver somewhere if you could?

Author’s Note: The author tells us that the book was inspired from a real biblioburro program in Colombia.

Author’s Purpose: To inform and entertain the reader.

Mental Images: Note the scenes where Ana imagines herself in the books she is reading.  This is an example of what readers do when they make a mental image while reading. The illustrations help us to see Ana’s mental images as she reads.

Synthesis: Have you ever been inspired by a story you have read to write one of your own? Ana wrote a story for the librarian. If you were to write your own story, what characters would you include? Can you think of characters from books you have read that you really liked and wish there was a sequel to? What are your favorite series books?

The Day Roy Riegels Ran the Wrong Way by Dan Gutman

Schema: football scoring rules

Text-to-Text Connection: Turkey Bowl by Phil Bildner also takes place many years ago.

In this full color picture book, the author shares the story of Roy Riegels as historical fiction. The real life lesson is that we all make mistakes, but we shouldn’t let a mistake  destroy our ability to move forward and achieve in the future. The story tells how Roy continued to be great athlete and a successful businessman and did not let his big mistake and label of “wrong-way Riegels” color his future in a negative way.

Author’s purpose and Point of View: Written in third person, the author tells the real life story of Roy Riegels.

Cause and Effect: Because Roy ran the wrong way, the effect was that his team lost their big game.

Drawing Conclusions: We can draw the conclusion that Roy did not let his mistake ruin his life because he continued to be successful.

 

Never Forgotten by Patricia C. McKissack; artwork by Leo & Diane Dillon

Schema: slavery

The author tells the story in third person in a poetic format.

Setting: West Africa, 1725

Author’s Purpose: to show the perspective of a family whose child has been taken by slave traders

Voice: The language the author uses creates a unique voice for Dinga

Personification: The four elements: Earth, Fire, Water, and Air are personified as they seek to mother and then find Musafa.

Summary: Tell the story in sequence from Musafa’s birth to his being found again in the Southern United States in Charleston, South Carolina.

Drawing Conclusions: Do you conclude that Dinga went mad or insane with the disappearance of Musafa or do you think the elements could have communicated Musafa’s whereabouts to him?

Hurricanes: Many hurricanes have hit the South Carolina coast. The author notes at the end of the book that there is a legend in Barbados that says the “hurricane is Mother Africa in search of her lost children.”

Henry’s Freedom Box: A True Story From the Underground Railroad by Ellen Levine

Schema: Underground railroad, escaped slaves

Author’s purpose: to share African American history

Author’s Point of View: 3rd person omniscient as we see the story from more than one character’s point of view

Cause and Effect: Because Henry’s family was sold, the effect was that Henry went to the extreme of mailing himself to escape the sorrow of slavery.

Characterize Henry: hard working, good listener, loving, strong

Mental Images: Henry imagined the carts carrying away his family and all that he loved every night.

Drawing Conclusions: Henry knew that the mail was delivered everywhere. He thought he could stand being in a box for many hours. He drew the conclusion that he could mail himself north to escape slavery.

After Henry’s family is sold, he purposefully pours sulphuric acid on his hand so that he could stay home from work in order to get some help in mailing himself to the northern states to escape slavery in the southern United States.

 

Under the Quilt of Night by Deborah Hopkinson

Schema: Underground railroad, slaves escaping from the southern U.S.

Metaphor: The quilt as a cover of darkness is compared to the night sky throughout the story as the slaves must hide during the day time and move at night.

Author’s POV: 1st person

Author’s Purpose: to share the history of African American slaves and the people who helped them

Voice: the story is told from an unnamed girls point of view in first person

Mental Images: imagine hiding under a bush in the hot summer and not being able to move much

The story is about a family running to the north for freedom.