Author’s Purpose: Think about the author’s purpose in writing this book: PIE, to persuade, inform, or to entertain. I think it is to inform as is much of expository writing.
After reading the first paragraph about the eagle getting it’s wing repaired, ask them what the main idea of the paragraph is, re-read the first and last sentence of the paragraph: I think they will say that the eagle is not able to hurt them as long as it talons are being held tight.
Author’s Purpose: This one could be a combination of entertaining and informing. Poindexter is reading a book to a turtle about how to make a friend. There are four steps. Turtle models the behavior toward a mole, but actually becomes a friend to Poindexter, a very shy pig.
Personification: The eyeball is given human qualities; the jello can slurp
Metaphor: comparing his cape to a red rocket, his mask to a dark night at midnight
Context Clues: Vocabulary in the story: photon: a type of radiation: the character sends heat rays from his eyes
Thermovulcanized: a process that freezes then melts a rubberized object to make it tougher
Drawing conclusions: we inferred that when he changed to his normal self that he is the man that looks like Superman, but at the end we realized we were stereotyping the hero because he turns out to be the little boy in the illustration. At the end notice his shadow looks like the Superman character though…is the shadow his imagination? Was the man his dad?
Author’s Purpose: To persuade, inform, or entertain?
Author’s Purpose: To inform and entertain the reader.
Mental Images: Note the scenes where Ana imagines herself in the books she is reading. This is an example of what readers do when they make a mental image while reading. The illustrations help us to see Ana’s mental images as she reads.
Synthesis: Have you ever been inspired by a story you have read to write one of your own? Ana wrote a story for the librarian. If you were to write your own story, what characters would you include? Can you think of characters from books you have read that you really liked and wish there was a sequel to? What are your favorite series books?
Text-to-Text Connection: Turkey Bowl by Phil Bildner also takes place many years ago.
In this full color picture book, the author shares the story of Roy Riegels as historical fiction. The real life lesson is that we all make mistakes, but we shouldn’t let a mistake destroy our ability to move forward and achieve in the future. The story tells how Roy continued to be great athlete and a successful businessman and did not let his big mistake and label of “wrong-way Riegels” color his future in a negative way.
Author’s purpose and Point of View: Written in third person, the author tells the real life story of Roy Riegels.
Cause and Effect: Because Roy ran the wrong way, the effect was that his team lost their big game.
Drawing Conclusions: We can draw the conclusion that Roy did not let his mistake ruin his life because he continued to be successful.
The author tells the story in third person in a poetic format.
Setting: West Africa, 1725
Author’s Purpose: to show the perspective of a family whose child has been taken by slave traders
Voice: The language the author uses creates a unique voice for Dinga
Personification: The four elements: Earth, Fire, Water, and Air are personified as they seek to mother and then find Musafa.
Summary: Tell the story in sequence from Musafa’s birth to his being found again in the Southern United States in Charleston, South Carolina.
Drawing Conclusions: Do you conclude that Dinga went mad or insane with the disappearance of Musafa or do you think the elements could have communicated Musafa’s whereabouts to him?
Hurricanes: Many hurricanes have hit the South Carolina coast. The author notes at the end of the book that there is a legend in Barbados that says the “hurricane is Mother Africa in search of her lost children.”
Author’s purpose: to share African American history
Author’s Point of View: 3rd person omniscient as we see the story from more than one character’s point of view
Cause and Effect: Because Henry’s family was sold, the effect was that Henry went to the extreme of mailing himself to escape the sorrow of slavery.
Characterize Henry: hard working, good listener, loving, strong
Mental Images: Henry imagined the carts carrying away his family and all that he loved every night.
Drawing Conclusions: Henry knew that the mail was delivered everywhere. He thought he could stand being in a box for many hours. He drew the conclusion that he could mail himself north to escape slavery.
After Henry’s family is sold, he purposefully pours sulphuric acid on his hand so that he could stay home from work in order to get some help in mailing himself to the northern states to escape slavery in the southern United States.
Schema: Civil Rights Movement, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
Text-to-text: Freedom on the Menu: the Greensboro Sit-Ins by Carole Boston Weatherford
Metaphor: The story uses an extended metaphor to compare the Civil Rights movement to a recipe throughout the story. Author’sPurpose: to share a story about the civil rights movement and to teach us about African American history
Author’s POV: 3rd person
Cause and Effect: Because the demonstrators were nonviolent, the effect was that the national news only captured the violence of the angry white people which made Dr. King’s message even stronger.
Mental Images: Imagine having salt, ketchup, and coffee poured on your head and pepper thrown in your eyes and still sitting calmly
Organizational Strategies: the story is organized like a poem
This is the story of the four college men who began the Woolworth sit-ins in Greensboro, North Carolina, February 1, 1960. The author shares a story in language and illustrations that tell what happened with a positive point of view and a message of hope for the future. The metaphor of a recipe is used to mix the ingredients needed to end segregation.