Before beginning the story engage their schema by asking students to brainstorm about elements of fairy tales. The peddler woman is sort of like a fairy, there are princes, a king, the mother dies, and good wins.
The story is told to two little chickens from the nursemaid’s point of view about twin chickens who must win a race to determine who will be the future king.
One brother, Fowler, is selfish and fights unfairly; whereas, Henry loves his father and is kind.
A peasant woman, who had been the nursemaid who was fired after the twins were born, gives Henry a toy horse two times during the story. The toy is a clue to the riddle about who will win the contest and become king.
Students have an opportunity to predict the outcome of who will be king.
They also get a chance to infer that the nursemaid and the peddler woman are one and the same.
One example of cause and effect is when Fowler poisons Henry’s horse and Henry wins the race. There are several other examples of cause and effect relating to Fowler’s actions.
When teaching cause and effect it is easy for the children to understand it if you say “because” then discuss the effect.